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Angklung bandung

history of angklung

In ancient times, instrument Angklung is an instrument which has the function of religious ritual. The main function is as a media angklung Invitor Dewi Sri (the goddess of rice / fertility) to descend to earth and give fertility in the growing season. Angklung used berlaraskan tritonik (three tones), tonic tetra (four tones) tonics and Penta (five tones). Angklung this type are often referred to by the term angklung Buhun which means "old Angklung" are not influenced from the outside elements. Until today in some villages still found a variety of activities which utilize angklung Buhun ceremony, among them: the harvest feast, ngaseuk pare, nginebkeun pare, pare ngampihkeun, seren epidemic, nadran, helaran, down earth, earth, etc. charity.
Angklung Traditional
Angklung Baduy

It is not known from where the origin Baduy Angklung Angklung and since when did this type began to emerge. Its distribution is not too large. This is expected because the shape of her show a monotonous and boring for those who see it. In Badui people Jero, Angklung Baduy used as the arts that support the traditional ceremony honoring Sang Hyang Sri Asri or goddess as a goddess of agriculture and fertility. The ceremony is known by the name ngaseuk pare, which is executed when the ceremonial planting of rice in the fields, and pare ngampihkeun ceremony, which is when transporting rice harvest to the barn.

Angklung Baduy consists of four rack, each of which is called a king-king, indo, panempas, and gong-gong. Dog-dog and the drum serves as an accompaniment rhythm and tempo rhythm track. The players wore black or white shucks, lomar, and iket. Number of players reached fifteen men, comprised of nine people who play the Angklung, three drum players, and the others acted as a dancer.

In the game, Angklung and dog-dog accompany their singing and dancing (ngalagu jeung ngalage). Chants performed by bersahut-replication, while dancing, and moving around. Songs played among others, entitled Swing-swing, Aunt Lenjang, Cik Arileu, Hiah-hiah Long, Jari Gandang, Keupat Rendang, Lili-Liyang, Nganteh, Ngaseh, Oray-orayan, Pong-groups, Salaela, Yandi Bibi armpit-armpit, and Pileuleuyan.
Angklung Beans

Angklung Bean first made by Mr. Bonce in the year 1795 in Kampung Cipurut, Village Baros, Arjasari, Bandung. Tell, Mr. Bonce the day-to-day work as pembubu fish in the river, a river where he found the time to save Bubu overflow flooded. The flood sweep over some bamboo sticks and then he brought home and stored on the stove. Once dry, the bamboo was pounded and turned out to produce sound good and loud. The bamboo is then processed and made an instrument Angklung music. Angklung Angklung is then called Beans. Pak Bonce create seven sets of Angklung Beans are then sold to Aki Dartiam. By Aki Dartiam, Angklung-angklung are then combined with dog-dog and trumpet.

Beans Angklung played as an art that accompanied the ceremony - the ceremony of the people or events that involved many people, including ceremonies nginebkeun bitter melon or transporting rice from the fields to the house, ceremony or parade heleran accompany circumcision circumcised children from home to home Bengkong (pengkhitan ), a wedding, and in welcoming national holidays.
Angklung Gubrag

In ancient times, Kampung Cipining, Bogor, threatened by famine due to crop rice in the fields that do not grow well. Residents believe that the incident occurred as a result of anger Dewi Sri, who was depressed because of less get entertainment, or being angry with the population. Population is also believed that Goddess Sri dwells in space and then made great efforts to invite back Dewi Sri to come down to earth and gave his blessing for the fertility of rice plant population. Several attempts were made, among which is to provide alms offerings, organized arts events such as the flute performances, performances Karinding, and others.

But those efforts did not bring results. Dewi Sri still not acceptable down to earth, and the rice plant population still does not grow well. Finally, arose then a young man named Mukhtar. He invites his friends to go to Mount Cirangsad to cut down bamboo trees letters. Bamboo is then dried and while doing dead Geni for forty days, Mukhtar processing bamboo into waditra Angklung. Angklung is then enhanced with added two-dog dog lojor. He teaches the game Angklung kemudin to residents and organize a ceremony to Dewi Sri, using the arts as a medium Angklung. It turned out after the ceremony, the population of rice plants grow well, fertile, and the grains were so pithy.

It is believed as a sign that the Goddess Sri has received the ceremony, down to earth and willing to give a blessing of fertility. Because it was able to lure Angklung Dewi Sri, to descend from the sky (in Sundanese Ngagubrag), is then called Angklung Angklung Gubrag. Angklung Gubrag played at the ceremony seren epidemic, namely the ceremony besarbesaran at the end of the harvest. Moreover, Angklung Gubrag also played at the family celebration ceremonies, events, holidays, national holidays and other events related to and involving many people.
Angklung Bungko

Angklung Bungko Bungko located in the Village which is located on the border between Cirebon and Indramayu. Angklung Bungko first believed to have made more than 600 years old. Even so, the first Bungko Angklung is still there, stored properly, even when not pitched longer. This first Bungko Angklung always included in every performance Bungko Angklung art performances such as its official symbol. Angklung Bungko preserved by a figure named Sheikh society or Ki Gede Bungko Bentong, after use as the arts that accompany Bungko Village residents fight pirate attacks. By Ki Gede Bungko, Angklung Bungko then used as the arts that support the spread of Islam. In addition to these types of Angklung, there are many more other types Angklung spread in almost all corners of the West Java area. Angklung Jinjing noted there is often played in the entertainment events, there is no vocal arts in the region Angklung Baduy, with lyrics Angklung art form in the region susualan Panamping, Sered Angklung art in the form of Tasikmalaya district race waditra Angklung play for children, and etc.

One of the efforts of conservation and development of arts Angklung have traditionally been done by Udjo Ngalagena through training programs arts Angklung traditional studio art Saung Angklungnya, where each - each trainee is required to learn and master the first Angklung traditional before moving into training Angklung modern or artistic Sunda other which has been modified.
Modern Angklung (Padaeng)

In 1938, Daeng, a teacher Hollandsch Inlandsche School (HIS) in Kuningan regency, West Java, are considered to have succeeded very well put back angklung position in the middle of the modernization of society by performing Angklung musical instruments from simple tools and just scale scales pentatonic scale into complex Angklung diatonic scales. Angklung is then known by the name of Angklung Daeng or also called Angklung Padaeng. Angklung Daeng, seen from the layout and scale the ladder to play the tone, it is possible to reach the popular song repertoire, repertory, not only contained in the repertoire of national music, but also other Western music.

Daeng since childhood is very fond angklung. At the time teaching at HIS Brass, learn the ins and outs of Angklung Daeng in more depth, including the process of manufacture and maintenance of a character named Mr. Maker angklung Djaja. Daeng which is currently still studying in Kweekschool studied Western music, and then try to make Angklung who take the stairs tone diatonic scale. Daeng considers Angklung scale diatonic tend to be more communicative to be taught in schools. In addition, the public has become more familiar with scales scales diatonic than the scale ladder pentatonic melodies.

With the help of Mr. Djaja, Daeng successfully created a set of Angklung diatonic which was first introduced to children Scouts where Daeng itself acts as a builder. Musical instruments are then quickly accepted into the art facilities in Pramukanya group life, especially in the scouting meetings and camp. Meanwhile, Angklung Padaeng at Drogheda began to be recognized widely in various circles. In 1946 the arts group Angklung Daeng trusted skill demonstration on entertainment events in Negotiations Linggar Teak. In 1950, Daeng moved to Bandung and teaching at SMP 2 Bandung. While in Bandung also, Angklung Daeng develop given the honor of diatonic and displays them in art events in the Asian-African Conference in 1955.

Differences with traditional Angklung Angklung Daeng, except in scale scales, also present in how to play. Angklung Angklung is a traditional jointly played by one player only, while Angklung Daeng is made to be played together, where each player plays only one note only, and harmony can be achieved with kerjasana song that neatly between the players. As a teacher, Daeng see it as something positive for education, especially in the educational formation of character. Appear in the game Angklung properties work together, discipline, precision, skill and sense of responsibility. Similarly, on matters which are basic staple in music education, such as raising attention to the music, turn on music and develop musicality, melody, rhythm and harmony.

Daeng Sutigna not only succeeded in enriching the treasury instrument Angklung, which previously only berlaraskan gamut of traditional (pentatonic), to be added by Angklung berlaraskan diatonic chromatic scale, but Mr Daeng is also very instrumental in the development of a tool of modern music, including melody area of 3 ½ octaves, is equipped with a chord or akompanyemen Angklung (big and small), to accompany these Angklung music instrument.

Angklung melodies have a number for each angklung, which will be converted to a certain tone, according to the basic tone is used. While angklung accompanist / akompanyemen already have a fixed chord, and will not change despite the song being played to have different basic tones. Broadly speaking, the division of Angklung Padaeng is as given below:
Trend Angklung in Indonesia
A Miracle Angklung

Another thing is to develop meaningful values in art education sound like:

* Generating interest in music.
* Turning on musicality.
* Develop sense of rhythm, melody, harmony, and others.
* Another thing that is no less important are:
* The development of intelligence.
* Creativity, discipline.
* Support the distribution of emotions, expressions for happiness in playing music.
* As well as train the coordination of body movements when the music DaLA order neural psychomotor development.
* Even today, in some medical centers have found research that angklung can be therapeutic as disclosed above regarding neurological psychomotor development.
* Further, through the traditional arts are expected to stimulate the ideals and interests of young generation towards the existence of Sundanese traditional arts and environmental conservation.

This is according to our language, is "A Miracle Angklung".
Angklung & Character Building

Angklung of the many charms and charm, has another good side effect is also due to some real benefits are: Through the arts angklung, expected to be able to cultivate good values contained therein, especially in the character-Building, such as:

Cooperation, Mutual Assistance, Discipline, Diligence, Savviness, Responsibility and others.
tag: the adventure,history,of,angklung,bamboo,art,sunda,culture,tradition,west,java,indonesian
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4 komentar:

  1. thanks exchange for this tips

    1. you are welcome,thankyou very much for visiting my website.

  2. Replies
    1. sama-sama gan. terimakasih banyak atas kunjungannya gan :)