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One interesting fact when discussing the matter in terms of culture of Indonesia is the country with endless stories about the cultural heritage it has. Perhaps no one if many foreign tourists who had come to Indonesia said that the country is made up of genes is very strong culture rooted among the people. In fact, not just "pass on" culture, a country famous for the friendliness of its people's behavior is now able to "give birth" a new culture that often cause click amazed.

Language, ceremonies, customs, arts, food, even with animal species, the world admits that Indonesia has always been at the level of unique and interesting. May still be fresh in your mind how to Komodo Island is now a universal issue for ordained as one of the wonders of the world. Let's see how the world is very concerned Sumatran tiger, the Javan rhino, Komodo, Peacock, Deer Bawean, and Orangutan as one of the animals whose existence is increasingly rare. Let's see how the Discovery Channel and National Geograpfic repeatedly show the importance of keeping the population of these animals.
Unfortunately, the last animal mentioned in the above paragraphs as if sinking now from our attention, the people of Indonesia. In fact, primates that have a close kinship with this man is experiencing significant population declines. The depletion of habitat due to land clearing and hunting and commercial trade in orangutans, including for smuggled abroad, a major factor in animals that have similarities with the human DNA is 96% of this population is declining.

Orangutan or also commonly called "Mawas", is a kind of great apes with long arms and reddish or brown hairy. They live in tropical forests of Indonesia and Malaysia, particularly on the island of Borneo and Sumatra. Orangutan The term itself is derived from the Malay language which means "forest people". Orangutan includes two species, namely the Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo Abelii) and the Borneo Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus).

Orangutans have strong arms, short legs and bowed, but did not have a tail.Orangutans have a height about 1.25 - 1.5 meters. Weight Orangutan males can reach 90 kg, while for females 50 kg. Like humans, Orangutans have four long fingers plus a thumb. The soles of their feet also have an arrangement of the fingers are very similar to humans.

Orangutans used to live in dense trees and make nests of leaves. They can live in a variety of forest types, ranging from dipterokarpus forest hills and plains, watersheds, freshwater swamp forests, peat bogs, to the mountain forests. In Borneo, the Orangutan can be found at an altitude of 500 m above sea level.Especially for the Sumatran Orangutan, they are endemic animals that exist only in Sumatra. The existence of this animal is protected by the Act No.. 5 of 1990 on Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems.

Because the residence is a dense forest, it is difficult to estimate the exact number of population. Orangutans are currently found only in Sumatra and Borneo, in Southeast Asia. In Borneo, the Orangutan population is estimated around 55,000 individuals. In Sumatra, the number is estimated about 7,500 individuals.
But the population progressively declined in recent decades due to lack of lowland forests and pointed out the amount of decrease in population tends to be faster.Meanwhile, future climate change is expected to be a serious threat to orangutan conservation in Indonesia.

Let's save the orangutan population in Indonesia as one of the nation's biodiversity heritage. Let the government help preserve these animals as the world's most important asset in maintaining the balance of the world's ecosystems. Let's open the eyes that Indonesia has a very important position in the conservation of orangutans in the world. Save orangutans!

Tags: orang utan,kalimantan,sumatera,animal from indonesia,fauna
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